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Care and Maintenance of the Bonsai Tree Taking care of a Bonsai tree is not a hard task as is commonly thought. Bonsai tree is planted in small containers, and hence only a few basic guidelines need to be followed when it comes to fertilizing, watering and repotting. When compared to the average indoor plant, the Bonsai trees are more delicate, but a few basic rules should be enough guide for anyone to take care of the tree properly. Watering Watering is the most critical care and maintenance practice for your Bonsai tree. How often a tree must be watered on several factors such as the species of the tree, the size of the pot and tree, the time of the year and the soil mixture. In this case, therefore, it is impossible to give the exact number of times that you should be watering the Bonsai, but the following basic guidelines will help you observe when the tree needs watering. It is advisable that you only water the tree when the soil feels slightly dry. This means that you should not water the tree when the soil is still wet but when it feels slightly dry. At no point should you water the Bonsai on a routine. You should observe the trees individually, as compared to watering them on a daily routine until you are sure of what you are doing.
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Finally, use the right soil mixture. This is because the soil mixture in a great way influences how often the trees will need to be watered. A mixture that retains more water should be used when you can’t water the plants regularly.
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Applying Fertilizer It is important that the Bonsai is regularly fed during the growth season to boost the survival of the plant. It is not recommended to fertilize trees that have been re-potted for close to a month and also those trees that have a disease. How to Repot the Bonsai Regular re-potting is important as it helps prevent the tree from being pot-bound and finally starving to death. Re-potting the Bonsai does not keep it small but rather supplies the tree with nutrients that it needs to grow and flourish. How often a Bonsai needs to re-potted depends on the size of the container, and the species of the tree. Trees that tend to grow faster are repotted after two years while those older and mature ones need to be repotted after every three or five years. Do not make repotting a routine but constantly check on the plant every spring by removing it from its pot. Bonsai trees are repotted when the roots begin to circle the root system. When the roots are still contained in the soil, you should wait for another year before repotting. Repotting of the Bonsai is most recommended during early spring when still in dormancy.